ISSN: 1301-2193 E-ISSN: 1308-9846
  • Turkish Journal of
    Endocrinology and Metabolism
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Scientific Performance in Endocrinology and Metabolism Over the Past 45 Years: A Scientometrics Study in the Middle-East Countries
Son 45 Yılda Endokrinoloji ve Metabolizmadaki Bilimsel Performans: Orta Doğu Ülkelerinde Bir Bilimmetri Çalışması
Received Date : 01 Dec 2019
Accepted Date : 29 Apr 2020
Available Online : 19 May 2020
Doi: 10.25179/tjem.2019-72325 - Makale Dili: EN
Turk J Endocrinol Metab. 2020;24:149-162
Bu makale, CC BY-NC-SA altında lisanslanmış açık erişim bir makaledir.
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aimed to explore the scientific performance in research of endocrinology and metabolism and its correlation with the socioeconomic indicators in the Middle- East countries. Material and Methods: Scientometrics and social network analysis methods were used for this study. Data were extracted from the Web of Science, World Bank, and UIS data center of UNESCO. Results: The majority of scientific productions (79.6%) were published by authors affiliated with upper-middle and high income countries which includes Turkey, Israel, and Iran. From co-authorship analysis, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Turkey with most degree centrality, had the highest collaborative ranking with other Middle-East countries. The main Middle-East collaborators having scientific outputs in this field were the researchers from the USA, England, and Germany. Israel, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia had the most collaboration (63.8%) with other countries. Also, there was a strong positive correlation between total collaborations with global countries and the number of citations. Conclusion: Due to the correlation among scientific productions, citations, scientific collaborations, Gross domestic expenditure on research and development, and specialist human resources indicators, the supplementary budget should be directed toward research in the Middle-East countries and establishing global networks to conduct joint projects. This could increase the trend of scientific productions and obtain higher citations in the Web of Science, eventually leading to scientific, social as well as economic development in the region.
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışma, Orta Doğu ülkelerinde endokrinoloji ve metabolizma araştırmalarındaki bilimsel performansı ve sosyoekonomik göstergeler ile ilişkisini araştırmayı amaçlamıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Bu çalışmada bilimmetri ve sosyal ağ analiz yöntemleri kullanılmıştır. Veriler; Web of Science, Dünya Bankası ve UNESCO’nun UIS veri merkezinden alınmıştır. Bulgular: Bilimsel üretimin çoğu (%79,6) Türkiye, İsrail ve İran'ı içeren üst-orta ve yüksek gelirli ülkelere bağlı yazarlar tarafından yayınlanmıştır. Ortak yazarlık analizine göre; merkezîliği en fazla olan Suudi Arabistan, Mısır ve Türkiye, diğer Orta Doğu ülkeleri ile en yüksek iş birliği oranına sahiptir. Orta Doğu ile iş birliği yapan ve bu alanda bilimsel çıktıları olan başlıca araştırmacılar ABD, İngiltere ve Almanya'dandır. Diğer ülkelerle en fazla iş birliği (%63,8) yapan ülkeler İsrail, Türkiye ve Suudi Arabistan’dır. Ayrıca küresel ülkelerle yapılan toplam iş birliği ile atıf sayısı arasında güçlü bir pozitif korelasyon vardır. Sonuç: Bilimsel üretimler, atıflar, bilimsel iş birlikleri, araştırma ve geliştirme harcamalarının gayrisafi yurt içi hasılaya oranı ve uzman insan kaynakları göstergeleri arasındaki korelasyon nedeni ile, ek bütçe ortak projeler yürütmek için Orta Doğu ülkelerindeki araştırmalara ve küresel ağlar kurmaya yönlendirilmelidir. Böylelikle bilimsel üretim eğilimi artabilir, Web of Science’da daha yüksek atıflar elde edilebilir ve sonuç olarak bu eğilim bölgede bilimsel, sosyal ve ekonomik kalkınma sağlayabilir.
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